On this page - Rough Velvetseed, Pyramid Bush, Scorpions-tail, Coin Vine, Sea Lavender, Gopher Apple, Seacoast Marshelder, Water Toothleaf
Gopher Apple - Licania michauxii
Habitat - Scrub,
Sandhill, Pine flatwoods
Native perennial, shrub, sub-shrub 3 to 12 inches in height. Stout,
underground stems (rhizomes) from which it produces slender
aerial shoots. The oblong stiff leaves are 1-4 inches
long, 1-11/2 inches wide, lime green in color and have an oblong
spatulate shape. The underside of these leaves are glabrous or
finely pubescent, margins are shallowly undulate to
Flower - Inconspicuous, green flowers in summer and are followed by
purplish-brown ellipsoid drupes that are 1/2 to 1 inches long. Important food
source for the Gopher Tortoise and many other animals.
Sea Lavender, Sea Rosemary - Argusia gnaphalodes
Coastal Strand, Dunes
Endangered Florida native perennial shrub to 6 feet tall with an equal or
greater spread. Leaves are succulent, linear to slightly spatulate &
greenish-gray in color.
Flowering year round, flowers emerge white with green throat,
changing to a pinkish lavender.
Coinvine - Dalbergia ecastaphyllum
Family - Fabaceae
Habitat - Coastal strand, Coastal
hammocks, Borders of Mangrove swamps, River and stream banks.
Description - Native. Perennial,
sprawling shrub or trailing vine. Leaves alternate, leathery, sparsely pubescent
on top and bottom
Flower - Small 1/4 inch white
flowers in clusters at leaf axils. Fruit is a copper colored round pod.
Scorpions-tail - Heliotropium angiospermum
Family - Boraginaceae
Scorpions-tail is a 1 - 3 foot tall, native herbaceous plant with a woody base and a somewhat sprawling habit of growth.
Range is from the upper Keys north to around Jacksonville on the east coast and Tampa on the west
Scorpions-tail is found mainly as an understory plant in Hammocks near the coast. This plant is used by many butterflies as a nectar plant.
Rough Velvetseed - Guettarda scabra
Family - Rubiaceae
Rough Velvetseed grows as a small tree or large shrub to
about 15 feet in height, and is native to S. Florida. Leaves are oval, 2-4 inches long and covered with short stiff hairs, and are rough to the
touch. Tubular white flowers are produced year-round, followed by roundish red berries covered with a velvety pubescence.
Rough Velvetseed can be found in moist to fairly dry soils in
pinelands and hammocks of the Keys, Monroe, Dade, Palm Beach and Martin
counties as an understory shrub or small tree.
Pyramid Bush - Melochia tomentosa
Family - Sterculiaceae
Related to chocolate plants, the Pyramid Bush is a small native shrub of dry Pinelands in South Florida. Also known as Tea Bush, Wooly Pyramid, and Broom Weed this
plant is gaining popularity as a Florida landscape shrub because it grows well in dry, harsh conditions and produces flowers from spring through winter. Attractive to butterflies and Humming birds, the flowers range from pinkish to almost purple, the lanceolate leaves have serrated margins, are covered in short soft hairs and have a silver gray hue.
Seacoast Marshelder - Iva imbricata
Family - Asteraceae
Small native perennial shrub, sub-shrub found in coastal strand and beach dune habitat. The Seacoast Marshelder is
an important pioneer plant that grows in direct contact with salt spray and helps to bind dunes and prevent erosion.
2-3 feet tall with a spreading habit of growth, the stems root when they contact the sand.
Leaves are succulent, smooth, light green with entire margins, up to 2 inches long, plant stems are
reddish when young and turn tan as they age. Flowers are small and green. Seacoast marshelder is found in
most (possibly all) coastal counties throughout Florida.
Water Toothleaf, Corkwood - Stillingia aquatica
Family - Euphorbiaceae
Habitat - Marshes, swamps and wet prairie
Description - Native perennial, subshrub/shrub. 2 - 4 feet in height, tends to be spindly with sparse foliage concentrated at tips of branches.