Florida Native Trees & Shrubs
Page 10

On this page - Rough Velvetseed, Pyramid Bush, Scorpions-tail, Coin Vine, Sea Lavender, Gopher Apple, Seacoast Marshelder, Water Toothleaf

Gopher Apple - Licania michauxii

Image - Gopher apple (Licania michauxii Prance)

Family - Chrysobalanaceae

Habitat - Scrub, Sandhill, Pine flatwoods

Description - Native perennial, shrub, sub-shrub 3 to 12 inches in height. Stout, underground stems (rhizomes) from which it produces slender aerial shoots. The oblong stiff leaves are 1-4 inches long, 1-11/2 inches wide, lime green in color and have an oblong spatulate shape. The underside of these leaves are glabrous or finely pubescent, margins are shallowly undulate to entire.

Flower - Inconspicuous, green flowers in summer and are followed by purplish-brown ellipsoid drupes that are 1/2 to 1 inches long. Important food source for the Gopher Tortoise and many other animals.

Sea Lavender, Sea Rosemary - Argusia gnaphalodes

Sea lavender Sea lavender plant Sea lavender flowers

Family - Boraginaceae

Habitat - Coastal Strand, Dunes

Description - Endangered Florida native perennial shrub to 6 feet tall with an equal or greater spread. Leaves are succulent, linear to slightly spatulate & greenish-gray in color.

Flowering year round, flowers emerge white with green throat, changing to a pinkish lavender.

Coinvine - Dalbergia ecastaphyllum

Coin Vine (Dalbergia ecastaphyllum (L.)Taub) Coin Vine (Dalbergia ecastaphyllum (L.)Taub) Detail

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Coastal strand, Coastal hammocks, Borders of Mangrove swamps, River and stream banks.

Description - Native. Perennial, sprawling shrub or trailing vine. Leaves alternate, leathery, sparsely pubescent on top and bottom

Flower - Small 1/4 inch white flowers in clusters at leaf axils. Fruit is a copper colored round pod.

Scorpions-tail - Heliotropium angiospermum

Scorpian tail flower

Family - Boraginaceae

Scorpions-tail is a 1 - 3 foot tall, native herbaceous plant with a woody base and a somewhat sprawling habit of growth.

Range is from the upper Keys north to around Jacksonville on the east coast and Tampa on the west

Scorpions-tail is found mainly as an understory plant in Hammocks near the coast. This plant is used by many butterflies as a nectar plant.

Rough Velvetseed - Guettarda scabra

Rough Velvetseed Rough velvetseed fruit rough velvetseed trunk

Family - Rubiaceae

Rough Velvetseed grows as a small tree or large shrub to about 15 feet in height, and is native to S. Florida. Leaves are oval, 2-4 inches long and covered with short stiff hairs, and are rough to the touch. Tubular white flowers are produced year-round, followed by roundish red berries covered with a velvety pubescence.

Rough Velvetseed can be found in moist to fairly dry soils in pinelands and hammocks of the Keys, Monroe, Dade, Palm Beach and Martin counties as an understory shrub or small tree.

Pyramid Bush - Melochia tomentosa

Pyramid Bush, Melochia tomentosa Flowers of the Pyramid Bush, Melochia tomentosa

Family - Sterculiaceae

Related to chocolate plants, the Pyramid Bush is a small native shrub of dry Pinelands in South Florida. Also known as Tea Bush, Wooly Pyramid, and Broom Weed this plant is gaining popularity as a Florida landscape shrub because it grows well in dry, harsh conditions and produces flowers from spring through winter. Attractive to butterflies and Humming birds, the flowers range from pinkish to almost purple, the lanceolate leaves have serrated margins, are covered in short soft hairs and have a silver gray hue.

Seacoast Marshelder - Iva imbricata

Seacoast marshelder-Iva imbricata Seacoast marshelder detail Close-up of Seacoast marshelder flowers

Family - Asteraceae

Small native perennial shrub, sub-shrub found in coastal strand and beach dune habitat. The Seacoast Marshelder is an important pioneer plant that grows in direct contact with salt spray and helps to bind dunes and prevent erosion. 2-3 feet tall with a spreading habit of growth, the stems root when they contact the sand.

Leaves are succulent, smooth, light green with entire margins, up to 2 inches long, plant stems are reddish when young and turn tan as they age. Flowers are small and green. Seacoast marshelder is found in most (possibly all) coastal counties throughout Florida.

Water Toothleaf, Corkwood - Stillingia aquatica

Water Toothleaf, Corkwood (Stillingia aquatica) image

Family - Euphorbiaceae

Habitat - Marshes, swamps and wet prairie

Description - Native perennial, subshrub/shrub. 2 - 4 feet in height, tends to be spindly with sparse foliage concentrated at tips of branches.