Perennial shrub, small tree to 12 feet, spiny branches, green to
grayish-green bipinnate leaf
Flower - Yellow
Pom-Pom like flower about 3/4 inch in diameter. Fruit is a
curved brown pod 1-3 inches, pointed at the tip.
Wild lime - Ximenia americana
Family - Olacaceae
Habitat - Scrub, Hammocks, Dry Flatwoods.
Description - Native perennial shrub, sprawling growth habit almost vine like in
nature. 3/4 inch spines at leaf axils. Semi-parasitic on roots of other trees
although it does not harm them. Flower is small, white and inconspicuous, the
fruit yellow and 3/4 to 1 inch in diameter.
Florida Privet - Forestiera segregata
Hammocks, Pine Rocklands
Native small tree or shrub 10 feet high with an equal spread. Evergreen or
briefly deciduous, dropping its leaves as new grows appears. Leaves are opposite,
with entire margins, elliptic to oblanceolate and glabrous. Stems are light gray
with raised lenticels. Greenish-yellow flowers are borne in clusters at leaf
- Caesalpinia bonduc
Family - Fabaceae
Habitat - Coastal Strand, Coastal
Description - Native perennial vine
or shrub with spiny stems to 2 inches in diameter and 15 feet or more in length.
Compound, shiny green bipinnate leaf with each leaflet up to 2 1/2 inches long.
Flower - Yellow, 1 inch, 5 petal
flowers produced in clusters. Fruit is a 4 inch, flattened spiny pod, brown when
mature which splits to reveal 2-3 round hard 1 inch seeds.
Inkberry, Gallberry - Ilex glabra
Moist to wet Flatwoods, Sand scrub, Hammocks, Bogs and Swamps
Native perennial shrub, 4 - 6 feet tall, the leathery leaves are 1 1/2 to 3
1/2 inches long, simple, alternately arranged with smooth or finely toothed
margin, obovate to elliptic.
Flower is greenish white, single at
leaf axils followed by round 1/4 inch shiny black fruits that
persist through winter.
are browsed by Marsh rabbits and White tailed-deer, the fruits
are an important food source for Raccoon, Coyote, Opossum and
many birds, including Quail and Wild turkey, especially when other food sources
Florida Rosemary - Ceratiola ericoides
Family - Empetraceae
Sandhill, Sand Pine Scrub, Oak Scrub
Perennial, Subshrub, Shrub, Forb/Herb, up to 6 feet in height
with many stiffly erect stems. Leaf 1/2 inch, needle-like,
opposite to whorled. Older individuals often have larger
branches laying on ground.
Flower - Tiny,
bronze to yellowish-brown, produced in clusters at leaf axils.
Shiny-leaved Wild Coffee - Psychotria nervosa
Habitat - Common
in moist areas of coastal, oak and hardwood hammocks. Endemic to Florida within
the continental U.S.
Native shrub, 4 - 10 feet in height with elliptical to narrowly obovate dark green shiny leaves, 4 - 6
inches long with veins impressed into upper surface.
flower in clusters produced at leaf axils, fruit is 3/8 inch red
or yellow berry that closely resembles the true coffee
Velvet-leafed wild coffee - Psychotria sulzneri
Habitat - Wet to
moist Hammocks, Flatwoods
Native Florida shrub to 8 feet tall, stems green to reddish-brown, leaves are
opposite, 4-7 inches long, oblanceolate with entire margins and blue-green
color. Clusters of small white flowers, fruit is a small red berry (drupe) 1/4
inch in diameter.