Description - Florida native plant, annual
or perennial. Subshrub 12 to 24 inches, clump forming, usually wider
Hairy, velvety textured stems with alternate oblanceolate to
spatulate leaves having serrate margins, 4-8 inches long.
Variable yellow, orange and red flowers, 2-3 inches
across in summer and fall. Easily grown from seed, Gaillardia is
available in several varieties. Drought tolerant once established,
requires well drained soil & flowers best in full sun. Self seeding &
clump forming. Allow the seed heads to dry thoroughly before collecting.
Flowers are attractive to butterflies.
Tropical Sage - Salvia coccinea
Family - Lamiaceae
( Mint Family )
Habitat - Hammocks on calcareous soils, Shell mounds
Description -Native annual or perennial herb to 3 feet. Leaves ovate to
cordate, margin crenate. Stems square, hairy. can be grown from seed & will re-seed itself from year to year.
Flowers are bright red, tubular, 1 1/4 inches, 2 lipped; upper lip 2 lobed, lower
lip 3 lobed with protruding stamens and style, whorled in long
clusters. Attracts Butterflies & Humming birds, drought tolerant when established,
should be watered during extended dry spells to enhance flowering. Full sun to light, intermittent shade.
Grass Pink - Calopogon tuberosus
Family - Orchidaceae
Habitat - The Grass pink is a terrestrial Orchid common to moist Pine
flatwoods, Marshes, Bogs and other moist, sunny, sandy sites.
Description - Flowering occurs from March in South Florida to August in
the northern sections of the state. Flowers have six petals, the upper
most petal is bearded with splotches of yellow and white while the
overall color ranges from light pink to magenta and sometimes white.
Leaves are linear, basil, clasping the stem and up to 18 inches long.
Flowers are produced on an inflorescence that may be up to four feet tall.
Habitat - Moist to dry open flatwoods, Pastures, Roadsides
Description - Native Florida terrestrial orchid, threatened specie. No leaves present at
flowering, the basil rosette of six inch, elliptic to lanceolate shaped leaves
appear after flowering which may occur only every 2-3 years and after the first
spring rains. Leaves are present until cooler winter weather arrives.
Flower - Coral to Orange-Red with pale red to white lip, 9 - 50 flowers
are clustered on a 2 foot inflorescence. There is a variety which produces green
flowers and a rare yellow or golden form as well.
Marsh pink - Sabatia grandiflora
Family - Gentianaceae
Habitat - Wet prairie, Wet
Pineland, margins of freshwater marshes.
Description - Native annual herb to 3 feet. Linear to filiform leaves 1 1/2 to nearly 4 inches long
Flower - Bright pink, 1 1/4 - 2 inches across, usually solitary. Marsh Pinks often
form small colonies giving the appearance of a multiple
flowered single plant.
Description - Annual herbaceous wildflower native to Florida, growing on well drained, dry sandy soils.
8-24 inches tall, leaves are alternate, linear.
Flower - Dense clusters purplish-pink flowers on a tall un-branched inflorescence.
Pink Purselane - Portulaca pilosa
Family - Portulacaceae
Habitat - Open areas of flatwoods, disturbed sites.
Description - Native wildflower. Annual or Perennial, Forb, Herb, 1 to 6
inches in height, often prostrate in growth habit. Leaves are fleshy,
somewhat succulent in appearance. Usually found on sandy, dry soils.
Flower - Pink to purplish, 5/8 inch across, blooms throughout the year in South Florida.
Florida Paintbrush - Carphephorus corymbosus
Family - Asteraceae
Habitat - Sandhill, moist to wet flatwoods, scrubby flatwoods.
Description - Florida paintbrush is a native perennial herbaceous wildflower to 3 feet when flowering,
basal rosette of spatulate leaves, 1 to 3 inches tall. A butterfly
Flower - Purplish-pink on a tall densely pubescent corymb with sessile leaves.
Scarlet Milkweed - Asclepias curassavica
Family - Apocynaceae
Habitat - Pasturelands, ruderal.
Description - Not Native. Perennial sub-shrub, 3 to 4
feet tall. Naturalized in central and south Florida. Often grows with
pairs of symmetrically arranged stems, leaves are alternate, narrowly
oblong to lanceolate, 4 - 8 inches long with entire margins and parallel
Flower - Clusters of brilliant orange and red flowers, attractive to butterflies which are
immune to its toxins.
Feay's Prairieclover - Dalea feayi
Family - Fabaceae
Habitat - Scrub, Scrubby Flatwoods
Description - Native Florida herbaceous wildflower, perennial, height 18-24 inches, leaves are
linear, opposite. Globose spikes of numerous small pink flowers.