Florida's Vines

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On this page - Cross Vine, Trumpet Honeysuckle,Climbing Aster, Climbing Hempvine, Virginia Creeper, Poison Ivy, Devil's Potato, Mangrove rubber vine

Cross Vine, Trumpet Flower Bignonia capreolata L.

Cross vine flowers (Bignonia capreolata) Cross vine (Bignonia capreolata)

Family - Bignoniaceae

Habitat - Floodplains, moist woodland sites

Description - Fast growing, woody stemmed, semi-evergreen Florida native vine to 40-50 feet long, climbing by tendrils which arise between the two leaflets of the pinnately compound leaves. Colorful 2 - 3 inch trumpet shaped flowers appear in spring in various combinations of red, yellow and orange. Attracts Hummingbirds, fruit is a flattened bean-like capsule, 5-9 inches long containing winged seeds. Flowers are similar in appearance to those of the Trumpet creeper vine which has compound leaves with 7 - 15 leaflets.

Trumpet Honeysuckle - Lonicera sempervirens

Image - Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens L) leaf Image - Trumpet Honeysuckle (Lonicera sempervirens L) flower

Family - Caprifoliaceae

Habitat - Open sunny areas of upland forests on well drained soils throughout Florida

Description - Native, woody, perennial twining or trailing vine, deciduous where freezes occur, otherwise evergreen. Leaves are elliptic, opposite, simple, with entire margins. Upper leaf surface is green and smooth, undersides appear whitish. Trumpet Honeysuckle has bright red, 2 inch tubular flowers are borne in terminal clusters and are very attractive to Butterflies & Hummingbirds. The fruit is a small (1/4 inch) red to orange berry which is a favorite of songbirds.

Climbing Aster - Ampelaster carolinianus

Image - Climbing Aster (Aster carolinianus)

Family - Asteraceae

Habitat - Margins of swamps, marshes, freshwater creek and stream banks, open flatwoods.

Description - Native, Perennial shrub/vine.

Height - Variable, generally 6-12 feet.

Flower - 1 1/2 inch diameter, pink to lavender, with a yellow or reddish-yellow center.

Climbing Hempvine - Mikania scandens

Climbing Hempvine (Mikania scandens)

Family - Asteraceae

Habitat - Open areas of moist Flatwoods, Prairies

Description - Native low climbing or twining herbaceous vine. Leaves are opposite, cordate (heart shaped), acuminate to near 5 inches long.

Flower - Clusters of numerous white, rayless flowers.

Virginia Creeper - Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virgina creeper  (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Family - Vitaceae

Habitat - Hammocks, Floodplain forests, Coastal areas, Flatwoods.

Description - Native, deciduous perennial vine. Leaves are palmately compound with five toothed leaflets. Foliage turns red in fall before dropping. Often confused with Poison Ivy which has 3 palmately arranged leaflets.

Flower - Inconspicuous, fruits a black or bluish-black berry.

Poison Ivy - Toxicodendron radicans

Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) leaf Poison Ivy Leaf

Family - Anacardiaceae

Habitat - Pine Flatwoods, Hammocks, Hardwood Swamps and forests statewide.

Description - Native Florida vine. Perennial. Contact with any part of plant can cause rashes and blisters that may require medical treatment.

Leaf appearance is somewhat varied, generally palmately compound with three ovate leaflets that are shiny green when young, becoming dull green as they mature and may have a reddish tinge and black specks, turning red in the fall.

Flower - Clusters of tiny white flowers at leaf axils, fruit is a small white berry-like waxy drupe.

Devil's Potato (Echites umbellata Jacquin) Devil's Potato (Echites umbellata Jacquin)

Devil's Potato, Rubber vine - Echites umbellata Jacquin

Family - Apocynaceae

Habitat - Coastal strand, hammocks, the margins of Mangrove swamps on the Atlantic coast.

Description - Native perennial climbing or clambering vine with milky white sap, 5 feet or more in length. Leaves are thick ovate, oppositely arranged with pointed tips and are V- shaped, related to the Alamanda and Frangipani.

Flower - Hanging 5-6 inch long funnel shaped flower with spiraled, ruffled white petals, blooming year-round in South Florida.

Mangrove Rubbervine (Rhabdadenia biflora (Jacq.)Müll.Arg.) Mangrove Rubbervine flower

Mangrove rubber vine - Rhabdadenia biflora

Family - Apocynaceae

Habitat - Coastal Hammocks, Coastal Swamps and Salt Marshes.

Description - Native perennial climbing vine, stems may be 10 feet or more in length. Leaves are elliptic to slightly obovate with prominent veins and mid-rib.

Flower - White tubular flower with a yellow throat.