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Florida Native Trees & Shrubs

Page 8 of 11

On this page - Rouge Plant, Shiny Blueberry, American Beautyberry, Cherokee Bean, Indigo Bush, Bigflower Pawpaw, Reticulate Pawpaw, Doctorbush

Rouge Plant - Rivina humilis L.

Rouge plant flower (Rivina humilis L.) Rouge plant (Rivina humilis L.)

Family - Petiveriaceae

Habitat - Hammocks, ruderal

Description - Native Florida shrub to near 6 feet, with only the very base being somewhat woody in nature. Leaves are alternate with distinctly wavy margins.

Flower - Clusters of pinkish-white flowers on spikes throughout the year, followed by the bright red berries.

Shiny Blueberry - Vaccinium myrsinites

Image - Shiny Blueberry (Vaccinium myrsinites)

Family - Ericaceae

Habitat - Pinelands, Flatwoods

Description - Native shrub, 1-2 feet high,spreads from rhizomes. Leaves alternate, obovate to elliptic, leathery, 1/4 to 3/4 inches long with entire or finely serrate margins.

Flower - Small urn shaped, pink to white in spring 1/4 inch +/-. Fruit is a small red to black drupe.

American Beautyberry - Callicarpa americana

American Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana L) American Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana L.)

Family - Verbenaceae

Habitat - Common to woodlands and hammocks statewide.

Description - Native perennial shrub, 6 to 8 feet tall

Flower - Small lilac flowers in spring produce clusters of bright violet to purple 1/4 inch drupes.

Cherokee Bean - Erythrina herbacea

Coral bean flower Picture of Coral Bean leaf

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Pineland clearings, Coastal Hammocks

Description - Native. Perennial tree, shrub, sub-shrub to 16 feet in height. Leaves 7-8 inches long, alternate, compound with 3 ovate to cordate (arrowhead) shaped leaflets.

Brilliant red tubular flowers in spring & summer, 2 1/2 inches long borne on tall racemes. Fruit is a narrow pod to about 8 inches, constricted around the bright red seeds inside. Flowers attract butterflies & hummingbirds.

Indigo Bush - Amorpha fruticosa

Image - Indigo Bush (Amorpha fruticosa)

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Stream, creek and pond banks, wet flatwoods, floodplains of rivers, hydric hammocks

Description - Perennial, Deciduous shrub 3-10 feet high. Compound leaves, 4-8 inches long with 11 to 25 ovate to oblong leaflets, highly variable leaf shape.

Flower - Scented spike, 3 - 6 inches long, purplish-blue with orange antlers

Bigflower Pawpaw - Asimina obovata

Bigflower Pawpaw Paw-paw fruit

Family - Annonaceae

Habitat - Flatwoods, scrub

Description - Endemic native Florida perennial shrub.

Reticulate Pawpaw - Asimina reticulata

Image - Reticulate pawpaw (Asimina reticulata)

Family - Annonaceae

Habitat - Flatwoods.

Description - Florida native plant, endemic perennial shrub to about 5 feet tall, long petioles, leaf oblong to obovate, margins in-rolled.

Doctorbush - Plumbago scandens

Doctorbush (Plumbago scandens L) Doctorbush (Plumbago scandens L)

Family - Plumbaginaceae

Habitat - Hammocks, Thickets, Shell mounds, rocky areas

Description - Florida native perennial shrub or vine, leaves variable. Distinguished by the unusual stalked glands along length of flower tube ribs. Flowers year round in S. Florida.