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Florida Native Trees & Shrubs

Page 9 of 11

On this page - Roundpod St. John's-Wort, Coastalplain St. John's-wort, Peelbark St. John's-wort, Four-petal St. Johns Wort, Florida Boxwood, White Lantana, Pineland Croton, Pineland Strongbark

Roundpod St. John's-Wort - Hypericum cistifolium

Roundpod St. John's-wort (Hypericum cistifolium Lam)

Family - Clusiaceae

Habitat - Wet Pinelands, Bogs, Marshes, Margins of swamps

Description - This shrub is one of about 29 Florida native Hypericum species. 2 - 3 feet tall with branched terminal clusters of yellow flowers produced year-round. Dark green shiny lanceolate leaves.

Coastalplain St. John's-wort - Hypericum brachyphyllum

Coastalplain St. John's-wort (Hypericum brachyphyllum)

Family - Clusiaceae

Habitat - Wet Flatwoods, Wet Prairie, Marsh, Bog

Description - Perennial shrub 2 -3 feet in height, leaves opposite, linear needle-like with the margins being turned under. Yellow, 5 petal flowers in summer and fall.

Sandweed, Peelbark St. John's-wort - Hypericum fasciculatum

Sandweed, Peelbark St. John's-wort

Family - Clusiaceae

Habitat - Pineland depression marshes, Wet Prairies, Swamp margins.

Description - Native shrub, 4 foot average height, leaves linear to almost needle form with rolled under edges. Yellow 5 petal flowers with many stamens, flower petals forming a pinwheel shape. Blooms year-round.

Four-petal St. Johns Wort - Hypericum tetrapetalum

Fourpetal St. Johns-wort (Hypericum tetrapetalum Lam.) Fourpetal St Johns-wort (Hypericum tetrapetalum Lam.)Flower

Family - Clusiaceae

Habitat - Wet Pinelands

Description - Native. Evergreen shrub to 3 feet tall, with narrow growth form. Leaves are opposite, ovate, clasping, heart-shaped at base.

Flower - Yellow, four petals, 3 cm. across with numerous stamens.

Florida Boxwood - Schaefferia frutescens

Florida boxwood leaves Florida boxwood tree

Family - Celastraceae

This Florida native grows as a small tree or multi-stemmed shrub to 20 feet. The bark is light brown and smooth, becoming gray and furrowed with age. Leaves are elliptical to obovate, alternate, 2 -3 inches long and are light green in color. Flowers are small, light yellowish green in color and are produced in clusters at the leaf axils.

Endangered within the state of Florida, this tree is also is found throughout parts of the Caribbean and South America.

Button Sage - Lantana involucrata

Button sage plant, ( Lantana involucrata) Button sage flowers. Button sage flowers and fruit.

Family - Verbenaceae

This native Lantana is primarily found growing near the coast at the margins of Hammocks, behind the dune line and in the Pine Rocklands habitat of extreme S. Florida.

Leaves are pale green, opposite, simple, oval with slightly crenate or toothed margins, covered with small hairs, rough to the touch, less than 1 1/2 inches in length. Leaves have a sage like smell when crushed. Plant is 7 feet or less in height with an open habit of growth and thin stems.

Flowers are produced year-round in clusters and are white, often with a lavender or or pale bluish tint. Fruit is a small purple drupe. Button sage is a nectar plant for many Butterflies.

Pineland Croton - Croton linearis

Pineland croton, Croton linearis Pineland croton white flowers

Family - Euphorbiaceae

Limited to the southern most part of Florida and the Florida Keys, Pineland Croton is a clump forming, many stemmed, sprawling shrub.

Growing to about 6 feet tall, Pineland Croton is found primarily in Pine Rockland habitat, it has also been found in Palm beach, Martin and St. Lucie counties.

Habit of growth is as a thin stemmed sprawling shrub. Leaves are alternate, simple with entire margins, linear, dark green above and silvery on the bottom, 3-4 inches long. Flowers are small, white and are produced year-round on racemes.

Pineland Strongbark - Bourreria cassinifolia

Pineland strongbark Pineland strongbark flowers

Family - Boraginaceae

Rare native shrub, also known as Strongback. Found in Monroe and Miami-Dade counties in Pine rockland habitat, grows to 10 feet or less in height, usually with many stems.

Leaves are alternate, variable, elliptical to ovate with entire margins. Flowers are white, tubular with five petals followed by orange fruit.