Yellow Florida Wildflowers
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On this page - Partridge Pea, Maryland Goldenaster, Wireweed, East Coast Dune Sunflower, Prickly-pear Cactus, Blackeyed-susan, Pitted Stripeseed, Yelloweyed Grass, Yellow Colicroot, Narrowleaf Silkgrass

Partridge Pea - Chamaecrista fasciculata

Image - Partridge Pea flower (Chamaecrista fasciculata) Image - Partridge Pea seed pod

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Pinelands, Open Woodlands, Disturbed sites

Description - Native annual herbaceous wildflower to 3 feet in height.

Flower - 1 1/2 inches, 5 unequal petals yellow with red spots at base, stems erect to arching, leaves pinnately compound with bristle tipped leaflets. Fruit is a flattened pod

Maryland Goldenaster - Chrysopsis mariana

Maryland Goldenaster (Chrysopsis mariana (L.)Elliott)

Family - Asteraceae

Habitat - Sandhill, open sandy areas of flatwoods

Description - Perennial, Forb/Herb to 3 feet high, basal leaves are oblanceolate, stem leaves lanceolate, young growth is silky or pubescent.

Flower - Golden yellow numerous rays surround a yellow to brownish yellow central disk.

Common Fanpetals, Wireweed - Sida acuta

Image - Common Sidepetals (Sida acuta)

Family - Malvaceae

Habitat - Sandy well drained soils of flatwoods, prairie

Description - Shrubby, tough stemmed perennial, ranging from 11 to 36 inches high, leaves alternate, slender, lanceolate, acute, toothed margins, 1- 3.9 inches long.

Flower - Pale yellow, yellow or orange with 5 petals, just under1 inch, joined at base.

Image - East coast beach sunflower (Helianthus debilis)

East Coast Dune Sunflower - Helianthus debilis ssp. debilis

Family - Asteraceae

Habitat - Coastal Strand, open areas on the east coast of Florida.

Description - Native Florida herbaceous annual or perennial wildflower.

Height - 18 inches

Prickly-pear Cactus - Opuntia humifusa

Prickly pear cactus (Opuntia humifusa) Prickley pear cactus flower

Family - Cactaceae

Habitat - Dry, sandy, open woodlands, Coastal strand behind dune line.

Description - Attains heights of 8 feet or more, armed with long sharp spines and smaller hair-like, barbed spines called glochids, dark green dull or shiny pads up to about 8 inches long.

Flower - Yellow to 3 inches across, blooming in spring and summer, followed by green oblong fruit tuning reddish or reddish purple at maturity.

Black-eyed Susan - Rudbeckia hirta

Blackeyed-susan (Rudbeckia hirta) Black-eyed Susan

Family - Asteraceae

Habitat - Pinelands

Description - Native Florida herbaceous wildflower. May grow as an annual, biennial or perennial, up to 3 feet tall. Basal rosette leaves are rough, diamond shaped. Branched, prickly flower stem bears hairy, lanceolate leaves 2 -3 inches long.

Flower - To 3 inches across, 10 -20 yellow to golden rays surround a conical, purplish-brown central disk.

Piriqueta, Pitted Stripeseed - Piriqueta cistoides ssp. caroliniana

Piriqueta cistoides ssp. caroliniana flower Piriqueta, Pitted Stripeseed - Piriqueta cistoides ssp. caroliniana Flower Piriqueta cistoides ssp. caroliniana Leaves

Family - Turneraceae

Habitat - Open sunny areas of Pinelands, borders of marshes and moist locations.

Description - Native perennial herb to 15 inches high.

Leaf elliptic, variable margin & texture.

Yellow flower has 5 petals, to about 1 1/2 inches across, Piriqueta blooms from spring through fall.

Yellow-eyed Grass - Xyris Sp.

Yelloweyed grass (Xyris sp.) Yelloweyed grass (Xyris sp)

Family - Xyridaceae

Habitat - Wet woodlands, Marshes and Wet Prairie

Description - Common native perennial herb - 2 dozen species in Florida. Flat liner basil leaves.

Flower - Scaly brown spikes, 2.5 centimeters long, producing small, deep yellow flowers.

Yellow Colicroot - Aletris lutea

Yellow Colic Root (Aletris luta Sm.) Yellow colic root (Aletris lutea Sm.) detail Yellow colic root (Aletris lutea Sm.) leaves

Family - Nartheciaceae

Habitat - Wet Pinelands, Wet Prairie. Moist to wet sandy soils.

Description - Native perennial herb, with yellowish-green lanceolate basil leaves in a rosette to 6 inches high, flowering spike to near 3 feet in the spring & summer.

Flower - Yellow, on tall stalks with a mealy/grainy appearance to 1 cm. long.

Narrowleaf Silkgrass - Pityopsis graminifolia

Silk-grass (Pityopsis graminifolia) Silk-grass detail (Pityopsis graminifolia)

Family - Asteraceae

Habitat - Sandhill, Scrub, Dry Pine Flatwoods, Dry Prairie, Ruderal. Sandy, well drained soils.

Description - Native Perennial, Herb to 3 feet tall. Lanceolate "grass-like" leaves, silky, silvery pubescent. Form is variable.

Flower - Yellow, 1 1/4 inch with 8-13 rays, spring through fall.