Plants on this page - Rosary pea, Air potato, Coral vine, Golden pothos, Bitter melon, Puncture weed, Noyau vine, Bleeding heart vine, Milkweed vine
Rosary pea - Abrus precatorius
Family - Fabaceae
Habitat - Ruderal, Flatwoods, Hammocks
Description - Introduced, category 1 invasive species. Extremely poisonous, the distinctive red and black seeds of this vine can be fatal if eaten.Climbing, twining or trailing vine with alternate, compound leaves having 5-15 pairs of oval to oblong leaflets with entire margins.
Flower - Pea-like white to reddish flowers in dense clusters at leaf axils. Fruit is a short oblong pod which splits open at maturity to reveal the scarlet and black seeds.
Air potato - Dioscorea bulbifera
Family - Dioscoreaceae
Habitat - Margins of forests, particularly in moist areas
Description - Introduced invasive twining vine, fast growing to 60 70 feet, covering and shading out native plants. Long stalked, cordate alternate leaves to 8 inches long with palmately arranged veins. Produces aerial tubers from leaf axils from which new plants develop.
Flower - Usually not present in Florida.
Coral Vine - Antigonon leptopus
Family - Polygonaceae
Disturbed areas, roadsides, hammocks.
Introduced category 2 invasive species, reaching lengths of 30 to 40 feet and climbing by tendrils. Cordate
leaves are up to 4 inches long with entire, slightly undulate ( wavy ) margins.
The upper leaf surface has recessed veins & wrinkled
Flower -Racemes of tiny flowers with
larger colorful sepals, varying from pink to coral to white are produced in summer.
Golden Pothos - Epipremnum pinnatum L.
Family - Araceae
Habitat - Hammocks - coastal and
Description - Introduced climbing vine to 30 feet or more, often
seen on Sabal Palms, leaves are alternate, ovate, average 18
inches long up to 36 inches. This vine is commonly sold as a potted
plant in garden centers and as such usually has a much smaller stature with leaves rarely exceeding 4-5 inches.
Description - Introduced
annual creeping or climbing herbaceous vine. Leaves alternate,
deeply palmately cut with five to seven lobes, may be hairy or smooth,
margins usually toothed. Often appears as a yard weed and can be quite
persistent if allowed to self seed. A related specie, Momordicabalsamina L.
is sometimes cultivated.
Flower - A solitary yellow flower is produced on stalks, produces an
egg shaped, ribbed fruit with a bumpy surface, 3-4 inches long,
golden yellow to bright orange, splitting open when mature to reveal
bright red arils which contain seeds.
Puncture Weed - Tribulus cistoides
Family - Zygophyllaceae
Habitat - Sandy areas, disturbed sites, very common roadside plant.
Description - Introduced. Perennial Vine, Sub-shrub, Forb, herb. Forms thick mats, 2-8 inches in
height, leaves pinnately compound. This is one reason not to barefoot in Florida!
Flower - Yellow, 1 1/2-2 inches across, fruit is a small spiny brown hard nut that resembles a "battle axe" of the middle ages.
Noyau vine - Merremia dissecta
Family - Convolvulaceae
Habitat - Ruderal
Description - Native status of this plant is uncertain. Twining vine with hirsute stems,
leaves are deeply palmately lobed.
Flower - 3-4 inch white tubular flower with reddish center
Bleeding Heart Vine - Clerodendrum thomsoniae
Family - Lamiaceae
Habitat - Ruderal, can be found around old home sites, escapes from cultivation in the southern part of the state.
Description - Not native, introduced
perennial twining vine up to 20 feet or more in length. Leaves are alternate, ovate to slightly cordate with entire margins.
Flower - Clusters of flowers with crimson red petals, equal or slightly larger white or sometimes purplish sepals. Long protruding (exserted) stamens.
Milkweed vine - Morrenia odorata
Family - Apocynaceae
Native to S. America this perennial, twining, climbing vine has greenish white flowers and produces large pods that split open at maturity, releasing hundreds of seeds with tiny silken hairs that aid in seed dispersal by the wind. Leaves are cordate to hastate, new growth and stems are grey-green in color and pubescent. This vine is a pest in orange groves, in fact it was first found in a Florida orange grove in 1957, possibly from a nearby house plant. Bleeds a white, milky sap when a stem is broken, as with other members of the milkweed family.