Florida's Vines

Page 4 of 5

Plants on this page - Lovevine, Catclaw mimosa, Spurred butterfly-pea, White twinevine, Ocean blue morning-glory, Hairy indigo

Lovevine, Dodder - Cassytha filiformis

Lovevine, Devils Gut (Cassytha filiformis)

Family - Lauraceae

Habitat - Sandhill, Scrub, Pinelands, Hammocks

Description - Common native herbaceous vine is frequently seen growing on oaks, Love vine is a true parasitic plant. Once it has attached itself to a host plant it detaches from its root and will eventually kill the host. It is seldom invasive as it is generally selective to certain host species. Leaves are small scales, not noticeable to the naked eye.

Flower - Tiny white flowers clustered on short spikes. Fruit is a 1/4 in. diameter, round fleshy berry.

Catclaw Mimosa - Mimosa quadrivalvis L. var. floridana

Image - Sensitive briar vine (Mimosa microphylla)

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Sandhill, Scrub, Flatwoods

Description - Native, perennial, a trailing semi-woody vine to 4 feet or more with ribbed stems and small re-curved thorns. Bipinnate compound leaves fold closed when touched, hence the name Sensitive Briar.

Habitat - Sandhill, Scrub, Flatwoods.

Flower- Pink, 3/4 inch in diameter, with bright yellow tipped stamens.

Spurred butterfly-pea - Centrosema virginianum

Spurred butterfly-pea (Centrosema virginianum (L.) Benth) Spurred butterfly-pea detail

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Open areas of Hammocks, Wet Pinelands, Margins of Wet Prairies on moist sandy soils.

Description - Climbing, twining vine, grows to 6 feet or more in length, trifoliate leaves with lanceolate leaflets. The 1 inch or slightly larger flowers vary in color from lavender to white. Blooms from spring through fall. Fruit is a flattened pod.

White Twinevine - Sarcostemma clausum

White Twinevine White Twinevine flower head White Twinevine flower (Sarcostemma clausum)

Family - Apocynaceae

Habitat - Hammocks, Coastal strand, shell mounds, ruderal

Description - Native perennial twining vine. Variable opposite leaves, ovate to lanceolate

Flower - Clusters of fragrant 1/2 inch white flowers having 5 hairy petals.

Ocean Blue Morning-Glory - Ipomoea indica

Image - Ocean Blue Morning Glory (Ipomoea indica)

Family - Convolvulaceae

Habitat - Coastal strand, coastal hammocks.

Description - Native Florida annual or perennial vine.

Flower - Deep blue to purple, funnel shaped to 3 1/2 inches wide.

Hairy Indigo - Indigofera hirsuta

Hairy Indigo (Indigofera hirsuta L.) Hairy Indigo detail (Indigofera hirsuta L.)

Family - Fabaceae

Habitat - Ruderal, Flatwoods

Description - Not Native, Introduced. Annual, prostrate or climbing to 36 inches in height. Leaves pinnately compound with elliptic leaflets.

Flower - Typical pea-like, pinkish-red flowers.