Description - Introduced to Florida with origins in S. America. (Surinam, Guyana) Considered a Category 1
invasive by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council.
Growing as a shrub or small tree
to 25 feet, this plant has been used extensively in Florida landscaping and has
escaped in to the wild in most, if not all, South Florida Counties.
Surinam cherry has bright, copper
colored new leaves that are a shiny bright green when mature are simple,
arranged opposite, mostly ovate sometimes ovate-lanceolate with entire margins
and may have acute or almost rounded apices. Grows with a open, sparsely
Flowers are on long stalks, small
and white with 4 petals and many stamens and are produced from the leaf axils.
Fruit is bright red or orange and looks like a small flattened pumpkin.
Chinese Tallow Tree - Sapium sebiferum
Family - Euphorbiaceae
Description - Introduced, category 1 invasive exotic. Fast growing deciduous
perennial tree, 30 to 50 feet. Widely used in landscaping. Leaves are alternate
with entire margins, broadly ovate with acuminate apices.
Commonly found in wet areas - low lying forests, freshwater swamps
margins of rivers, lakes, ponds, creeks, and ditch banks. Can be found drier
upland habitats as well.
Flower - Small yellow flowers on spikes to near 8 inches long. Fruit is a waxy
three lobed capsule 1/2 inch in diameter.
African Rosemallow - Hibiscus acetosella
Family - Malvaceae
Habitat - Ruderal, Wet Flatwoods
Description - Introduced annual or perennial shrub 2 - 5 feet tall, deep red-crimson leaves
are alternate, 3 lobed deeply cut with serrate margins on long petioles. Flowers
are pink to deep red, 3 - 5 inches across.
Javanese Bishopwood, Toog tree - Bischofia javanica
Description - FLEPPC Category I Invasive exotic tree, introduced from Asia as an
ornamental landscape tree & is now invading natural areas in South Florida where
it alters/displaces native plant communities. Seeds are dispersed by birds that
eat the fruit.
Height to 60 feet, leaves are on long petioles (stems), are compound with 3
leaflets & toothed margins, often with a bronze hue. Thrives in moist soil,
flowers are in racemes at leaf axils, fruit is a small round brown/reddish brown
to dark blue berry less than a 1/2'' in diameter, produced in large clusters.
Sap is milky, as is typical of the Euphorbiaceae family.